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Category Archives: Paxil Birth Defects

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Patent Foramen Ovale Birth Defect Linked to Maternal Use of SSRI Drugs During Pregnancy

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects, SSRI Birth Defects

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a birth defect characterized by a minor malformation in the heart, where a small hole “between the right and left atria (upper chambers) of the heart that fails to close naturally soon after a baby is born.”[1]  Patent foramen ovale is a type of atrial septal defect, a class of conditions… Continue Reading

Clubfoot Birth Defect Linked to Maternal Use of SSRIs

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects, SSRI Birth Defects

Clubfoot is a congenital defect (present at birth) characterized by the malformation of the feet, and “is the most common congenital disorder of the legs.”[1]  MedlinePlus, a prominent online medical encyclopedia curated by the United States National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, states that clubfoot “can range from mild and flexible to severe… Continue Reading

Spina Bifida Linked to SSRI Use

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

Spina Bifida (“myelomeningocele” being the most common form) is a birth defect in the larger class of “neural tube defects,” characterized by the malformation or underdevelopment of the neural tube in a developing infant before birth.  In spina bifida, “the backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth”[1] as they normally would. PubMed Health,… Continue Reading

Increased Risk of Anal Atresia Associated with Maternal SSRI Use in Pregnancy

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

Anal atresia, or “imperforate anus,” is a congenital birth defect “in which the opening to the anus is missing or blocked.”[1]  PubMed Health, a prominent online medical encyclopedia curated by the U.S. National Library of Medicine, states that anal atresia may manifest in several different ways: “The rectum may end in a blind pouch that… Continue Reading

Zoloft Linked to Omphalocele Birth Defect

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

Omphalocele is a congenital birth defect in which the intestines or other abdominal organs stick out of the baby’s navel, and is considered a type of hernia.  Babies born with omphalocele are at a dramatically increased risk for intestinal infection,[1] and “death of intestinal tissue,”[2] both of which are very serious medical conditions that may… Continue Reading

Use of SSRIs during Pregnancy Doubles Risk of PPHN

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

A recent study published in the British Journal of Medicine has investigated the connection between maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drugs (SSRIs) such as Zoloft®, Paxil®, Prozac®, Celexa®, and Lexapro® during pregnancy and the development of persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn.  This study, published by Helle Kieler et al. corroborates earlier research… Continue Reading

American Journal of Psychiatry Illustrates Danger of Antidepressant Use during Pregnancy

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

A study published in 2002 in the American Journal of Psychiatry by Dr. Gregory E. Simon, et al. goes great lengths to elucidate the danger of maternal use of antidepressant drugs during pregnancy.  In this study, Simon gathered data from the Group Health Corporation, “a prepaid health plan serving approximately 400,000 members in Washington State.”[1]… Continue Reading

Study Shows Danger of SSRIs When Used During Pregnancy

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

A recent study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry set out to determine whether it was worse for a developing fetus to be exposed to antidepressant drugs during gestation or to be carried to term by a mother-to-be who suffered from depression during pregnancy.  This study, published by Dr. Tim F. Oberlander et al…. Continue Reading

Study Shows Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy Leads to More Birth Defects

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

In 2010, a Danish study published in the medical journal Clinical Epidemiology set out to evaluate the danger posed to infants born to mothers who used selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs, a new class of antidepressant drugs including Zoloft®, Paxil®, and Prozac®) during early pregnancy. The study, published by Jette B. Kornum et al. compared… Continue Reading

Study Shows SSRI Use during Pregnancy Doubles Risk of Birth Defects

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

Published in a 2011 edition of the medical journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, a study by Dr. Heli Malm (et al.) evaluated the risk of birth defects for children born to mothers who used selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (a type of antidepressant medication) during pregnancy.  Drugs whose danger was evaluated included fluoxetine (Prozac®, Sarafem®, Fontex®, and others),… Continue Reading

Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

A birth defect of the heart recently found to be associated with maternal use of SSRI drugs during pregnancy,[1] pulmonary valve stenosis is characterized by a narrowing (stenosis) of the pulmonary valve of the heart, the valve which opens to allow blood to flow from the right ventricle to the lungs for oxygenation.[2] Specifically, pulmonary… Continue Reading

Coarctation of the Aorta

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects

Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is a heart defect present at birth characterized by “the narrowing of the major artery (the aorta) that carries blood to the body.”[1]  The American Heart Association states that “This narrowing affects blood flow where the arteries branch out to carry blood along separate vessels to the upper and lower… Continue Reading

Transposition of the Great Arteries

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

Transposition of the Great Arteries is a congenital (present at birth) heart defect found to be associated with maternal use of Prozac® during pregnancy by medical researcher Diav-Citrin in a 2008 study titled “Paroxetine and fluoxetine in pregnancy: a prospective, multicentre, controlled, observational study,” published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. Concerning persons suffering… Continue Reading

Tricuspid Atresia

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects

Tricuspid atresia is a congenital (from birth) heart defect recently linked to maternal use of Paxil® during pregnancy.[1]  Paxil® is a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), a new type of antidepressant drug that helps regulate serotonin levels in the brain, a chemical involved in mood regulation. In children born with tricuspid atresia, “the tricuspid heart valve… Continue Reading

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS) has recently been linked with maternal use of SSRI drugs, especially Paxil®, during pregnancy.  Hypo-, from Greek meaning “less than normal, deficient”[1], and plastic, meaning “forming; growing; changing; developing”[2], hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a birth defect characterized by the underdevelopment of the left heart. This ailment results in the… Continue Reading

SSRI Use during Pregnancy Raises Risk of Serious Birth Defects

Posted in Generic Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Prozac Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

In a study published in a 2007 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine, Sura Alwan et al. evaluates the effect of maternal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications (SSRIs) during pregnancy on the likelihood of bearing children with congenital malformations.  The study, titled “Use of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors in Pregnancy and the… Continue Reading

WebMD – Mothers Who Switch SSRIs During Pregnancy Place Newborns at Risk of Heart Defects

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

It has been recently found that babies of mothers who filled prescriptions for more than one SSRI during pregnancy were four times as likely to be born with septal heart defects as were other babies born to mothers who did not use SSRIs during pregnancy.  If uncorrected, this birth defect, characterized by a malformation of… Continue Reading

Maternal Use of SSRIs Late in Pregnancy May Cause PPHN

Posted in Misc. Drugs, Paxil Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

A recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine shows that infants born to mothers who used selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs, a type of antidepressant medication) late in pregnancy were placed at increased risk of serious birth defects, such as persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN). First, some background on PPHN.  One way to explain… Continue Reading

Zoloft® Side-Effects for Unborn Children May be Grave

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

A recent study by Carol Louik, et al. published in the New England Journal of Medicine has evaluated the risk of birth defects among infants born to mothers who used a type of antidepressant medication called selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy, as compared to the risk among infants whose mothers did not use such… Continue Reading

SSRI use During Pregnancy Linked to Autism in Children

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects, Zoloft Birth Defects

A recent study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry, in connection with the Journal of the American Medical Association, by Dr. Lisa A. Croen (et al.) has revealed a connection between mothers who use selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors, (SSRIs – a new type of antidepressant medication) and the development of Autism Spectrum Disorder in their… Continue Reading

SSRI Birth Defect – Gastroschisis

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects

Gastroschisis is a congenital (from birth) malformation “in which an infant’s intestines stick out of the body through a defect on one side of the umbilical cord.”[1]  Since at least 2007, maternal use of paroxetine (Paxil®) during pregnancy has been associated with a 2.9-fold increased risk of gastroschisis. PubMed Health, a service of the U.S…. Continue Reading

SSRI Use during Pregnancy Places Infants at Risk for Birth Defects

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects

Published in a 2011 edition of the medical journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, a study by Dr. Heli Malm (et al.) evaluated the risk of birth defects for children born to mothers who used selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (a type of antidepressant medication) during pregnancy.  Drugs whose danger was evaluated included fluoxetine (Prozac®, Sarafem®, Fontex®, and others),… Continue Reading

Paxil (Paroxetine)

Posted in Paxil Birth Defects

The antidepressant Paxil happens to be an extremely strong teratogen, which means it causes birth defects.  In fact, it is such a strong teratogen that a pregnant woman is better off using cocaine than taking Paxil! The birth defects that Paxil causes include: Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)Hypoplastic Right Heart Syndrome (HRHS)Atrial Septal Defects (ASD)Ventral… Continue Reading